Manuals

The PJM manuals are the administrative, planning, operating and accounting procedures of the PJM Interconnection and are available below in PDF format. The previous version of each manual is also posted below for comparison of the changes that occurred between the current and prior version of the manual.

Browse current manuals by number:

M-01 | M-02 | M-03 | M-03A | M-04 | M-05 | M-06 | M-07 | M-09 | M-10 | M-11 | M-12 | M-13 | M-14A | M-14B | M-14C | M-14D | M-14E | M-15 | M-17 | M-18 | M-18B | M-19 | M-20 | M-21 | M-22 | M-23 | M-25B | M-27 | M-28 | M-29 | M-33 | M-34 | M-35 | M-36 | M-37 | M-38 | M-39 | M-40 | M-41 |

Browse current and redline manuals by topic:


PJM Energy Market Manuals
The manuals in the Energy Market section provide the rules, procedures, and requirements for PJM Market & System Operations, as well as, member companies who buy, sell, schedule and deliver electricity through the Energy & Reserve Markets within the PJM region.

M-9: PJM eSchedules

describes the PJM internet application which provides PJM participants the ability to create PJM internal energy contracts and schedules. This manual has been retired. The contents of this document are now part of the InSchedule User Guide.


Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-10: Pre-Scheduling Operations describes PJM and PJM Member pre-scheduling activities that set the stage for the scheduling and dispatching phases of the PJM Control Area Operation.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-11: Energy & Ancillary Services Market Operations provides information on the day ahead and hourly scheduling activities that are performed by the PJM OI and PJM Members. The manual describes the rules and procedures for scheduling resources.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-12: Balancing Operations describes activities that occur in the real-time operation of the PJM and PJM Western Region and also the PJM Energy Market. The Manual describes how the PJM dispatchers manage Capacity Resources and monitor transmission facilities. It also describes how the PJM provides Ancillary Services.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-15: Cost Development Guidelines defines the standard methodologies that are recognized by PJM as appropriate for determining various cost components for use on those occasions and in those markets where product or services are required to be provided to PJM at cost-based rates, as referenced in Schedule 1, Section 6 of the Operating Agreement of PJM.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

PJM Regional Transmission Planning Process Manuals
PJM’s Regional Transmission Expansion Plan (RTEP) identifies transmission system upgrades and enhancements to preserve the reliability of the electricity grid, the foundation for thriving competitive wholesale energy markets.

M-14A: Generation and Transmission Interconnection Process guides the generation and/or transmission developers through the planning processes to interconnect to and operate in PJM markets.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-14B: PJM Region Transmission Planning Process focuses on the PJM's open and participatory process for planning baseline expansion facilities.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-14C: Generation and Transmission Interconnection Facility Construction provides PJM process guidelines for the construction and integration of all RTEP projects, including generation and merchant transmission interconnections and Transmission Owner upgrades.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-14D: Generator Operational Requirements focuses on generator responsibilities as signatories to the Operating Agreement of the PJM Interconnection and related market and operational requirements for connecting to the PJM system.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-14E: Merchant Transmission Specific Requirements provides Merchant transmission developers a detailed description of the transmission rights that may be created by the addition of such facilities. Rights are based on a line's unique design and operating characteristics and may include Transmission Injection Rights and Transmission Withdrawal Rights, in accordance with the PJM Tariff and subject to the outcome of required interconnection studies.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

Transmission Manuals
The manuals in the transmission section provide resources, guidelines and requirements for Transmission Operations and member companies within the PJM region, as well as, provide coordination information for PJM neighbors.

M-1: Control Center and Data Exchange Requirements presents requirements for control centers of signatories to the Operating Agreement of PJM. The manual describes the telecommunication linkages to the PJM OI and recommended characteristics of these control center computer systems and the facilities housing these systems. It also summaries the computer services and systems at the PJM Control Center, the standards for billing quality MWH meters, and meter accuracy standards.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-2: Transmission Service Requests focuses on Transmission Customer requests for Transmission Service. It includes a description of the calculations, assessment, and studies performed by the PJM OI (Office of the Interconnection) to assess the request for Transmission Service and to determine the adequacy of the PJM Control Area Transmission Service Facilities to accommodate the request.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-3: Transmission Operations discusses specific transmission conditions and procedures for the management of Transmission Facilities within the PJM Control Area.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-3A: Energy Management System (EMS) Model Updates and Quality Assurance (QA) This manual, one of a series of PJM manuals within the Transmission set describes processes and procedures associated with updating and validating the PJM EMS model. Responsibilities and requirements for the various model data stakeholders are identified, including data collection; model change control and feedback; real-time application support, accuracy and solution quality; data interfaces, etc. Processes to modify the list of congestion management facilities and model update build schedules are also reviewed
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-4: PJM OASIS Operation provides important information for users of the PJM OASIS. It describes the use of the OASIS by the PJM OI, Transmission Providers, Transmission Customers, and other OASIS users. Included is a description of the PJM OASIS.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-5: Power System Application Data describes the types of data supplied by PJM Members and signatories of the Transmission Owners Agreement that are required for regional planning studies. Input data that is unique to the central planning database is discussed in detail. This manual provides details and examples of input data, as well as procedures for the calculation of input parameters and submittal formats.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-6: Financial Transmission Rights focuses on how Financial Transmission Rights (FTRs) are acquired, both from PJM and in the secondary market, and on how the value of FTRs is determined.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-7: PJM Protection Standards documents the minimum design standards and requirements for bulk power facility protection systems within PJM.
Current Version PDF  
M-13: Emergency Operations focuses on how the PJM and the PJM Members are expected to respond to emergency conditions. Emergency conditions include: an abnormal electrical system condition requiring manual or automatic action, a fuel shortage, or a condition that requires implementation of emergency procedures as defined in the PJM Manuals.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-36: System Restoration focuses on how PJM and the PJM Member Companies will respond to system disturbance conditions and/or system blackout situations. 
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-37: Reliability Coordination focuses on PJM authority, responsibility and duties as Reliability Coordinator and how PJM Members are expected to respond. The manual discusses requirements to monitor facilities, how PJM defines and monitors System Operating Limits (SOL) and an Interconnected Reliability Operating Limit (IROL), implementation of Transmission Loading Relief (TLR) procedures, and PJM's coordination efforts with neighboring Reliability Coordinators.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-38: Operations Planning focuses on the PJM processes of coordinating seasonal assessments, the reporting, analyzing and approving generation and transmission outages, and coordinating the analysis results with PJM members and external Reliability Coordinators.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-41: Managing Interchange focuses on PJM's processes for facilitating energy transactions in-to, out-of, or through the RTO. The manual discusses the overall scheduling process and rules, transaction timing requirements, transaction data requirements, and the steps PJM will take to verify and implement all transaction requests. This manual has been retired. The contents of this document are now part of PJM’s Regional Practices.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

Reserve Manuals
The manuals in the Reserve Market section provide the rules, procedures, and requirements for PJM Market Operations and Capacity Adequacy Planning, as well as, member companies who participate in the Capacity Market within the PJM region that operates to ensure the adequate availability of necessary resources that can be called upon to ensure the reliability of the grid.

M-17: Capacity Obligations describes the determination of the accounted for obligation from data supplied by each PJM Member. Input data is unique to determining the accounted for obligation is discussed in detail. This manual provides details and examples of input data, as well as procedures for calculation of input parameters and submittal formats. Retired for the implementation of the Reliability Pricing Model.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-18: PJM Capacity Market focuses on the capacity markets, including the Reliability Pricing Model and the Fixed Resource Requirement Alternative, and the requirements for resource providers and Load Serving Entities (LSEs) to participate in these markets and their responsibilities as signatories to the Open Access Transmission Tariff, Reliability Assurance Agreement and Operating Agreement of PJM Interconnection.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-18B: Energy Efficiency Measurement & Verification focuses on the measurement and verification of the Nominated Energy Efficiency Value (i.e., the demand reduction value) of an Energy Efficiency (EE) Resource participating in the PJM Capacity Market. To demonstrate the Nominated EE Value of an EE Resource, EE Resource Providers must comply with the measurement and verification standards defined in this manual. The manual establishes the standards and criteria for M&V Plans, Post-Installation M&V Reports, and the M&V Audit.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-19: Load Forecasting and Analysis describes load data reporting requirements. This manual describes data input requirements, processing, computer programs and data reports.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-20: PJM Resource Adequacy Analysis focuses on the process and procedure for establishing the amount of generating capacity required to supply customer load with sufficient reserve for reliable service.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-21: Rules and Procedures for Determination of Generating Capability "Green Book" provides uniformity for planning, operating, accounting and reporting purposes.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-22: Generator Resource Performance Indices focuses on the responsibilities of the PJM Generator Unavailability Subcommittee in all matters concerning the projection of generating unit unavailabilities, as required for PJM Reliability and Capacity Allocation studies and also for other data required for specific planning applications.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-23: eGADS User Manual describes the PJM eGADS system, which is a web-based application that takes full advantage of the internet as a vehicle for inter-company communication for the purpose of reporting design, performance and event data for all Installed Capacity Resources that participate in the PJM Market. The PJM eFuel system is a new fuel data sub-module within the PJM eGADS system for the purpose of collecting unit-level fuel cost data and plant-level fuel data. Current version under revision for the implementation of the Reliability Pricing Model.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-25B: eFuel 2.0 - User Manual serves to document the eFuel 2.0 system's administration features.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

Accounting and Billing Manuals
These manuals describe each of the line items that our customers may see on their PJM monthly billing statements. They also contain detailed settlement calculations and formulas used to produce these billing line items.

M-27: Open Access Transmission Tariff Accounting focuses on the accounting for transmission services within the PJM Open Access Tariff.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-28: Operating Agreement Accounting focuses on the accounting for energy and capacity within the PJM Interchange Energy Market. It establishes the basis for the charges and credits for the purchase and sale of energy and related services.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-29: Billing focuses on the monthly billing statement, which is prepared by the PJM. The Manual describes the structure of the bill, as well as the billing and payment processes.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-35: Definitions and Acronyms focuses on the definitions and acronyms that are used and supported by PJM to assist with a clearer understanding of PJM.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

PJM Administration Manuals

M-33: Administrative Services for PJM Interconnection Agreement focuses on administrative items including the qualifications for new applicants, the application procedure, support provided by PJM and the Members Committee, as well as dispute resolution. The document also includes description of the philosophy of the Operating Agreement, the role of PJM, a description of PJM Participants and their role in the Members Committee.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

Manual 34: Stakeholder Process provides guidance on the operation of the PJM stakeholder process in which the Members, PJM and other stakeholders use a consensus based issue resolution process to develop and implement enhancements and other changes to PJM’s market, operation and reliability rules.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

Miscellaneous Manuals

M-35: Definitions and Acronyms focuses on the definitions and acronyms that are used and supported by PJM to assist with a clearer understanding of PJM.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M39: Nuclear Plant Interface Coordination focuses on how PJM and the PJM Members are expected to coordinate operations with the Nuclear Plant Generator operator entities to ensure the Nuclear Plant Interface Requirements (NPIR) are addressed and implemented while maintaining Bulk Electric System reliability.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF

M-40: Certification and Training Requirements focuses on the PJM Certification program for Transmission and Generation operators, PJM initial and ongoing training requirements for Transmission and Generation operators, current training opportunities for operators and a description of training and qualification requirements for PJM system operators.
Current Version PDF   Redline Version PDF


Process for Adding, Deleting and Revising PJM Manuals
The process to amend the procedures and processes found within PJM Manuals (Manuals) is addressed throughout the

PJM Members Handbook - The Manual amendment process is implemented within the PJM committee structure, where in these open meetings Manual changes are either proposed by PJM staff or by members. If a member wants to propose a Manual amendment, the member representative is free to make such proposals yet needs to provide justification within the committee structure for why the change is needed.

The following are highlights of this open amendment process:

  • Proposed Manual revisions are reviewed by the PJM Market Implementation Committee (MIC) and/or the Operating Committee (OC) in the first instance. See PJM Committee Structure, Market Implementation Committee Charter, Members Handbook page 11; PJM Committee Structure, Operating Committee Charter, Members Handbook page 12.
  • After MIC or OC review, the PJM Markets and Reliability Committee (MRC) is charged with reviewing proposed changes to the PJM Manuals after they are reviewed by the MIC and the OC. See PJM Committee Structure, Markets and Reliability Committee, Members Handbook page 9.
  • The MRC, MIC and OC meetings are open to all members.
    (Members Handbook page 22, 3. b.).
  • Because they are lower committees, prior to all the OC and MIC meetings, PJM is required to post, at least three calendar days before the meeting, a description of the action requested of the Members, with links to the full text of any material and all necessary supporting materials
  • Prior to all PJM Senior Committee meetings (which includes the MRC), PJM is required to post, at least seven calendar days before the meeting, a description of the action requested of the Members, with links to the full text of any material and all necessary supporting materials
    (Members Handbook page 25, 6. d. i.).
  • This posting process applies to Manual additions, deletions or revisions under consideration in MIC, OC and MRC meetings.

    After members within the committee structure have review proposed changes, PJM implements the changes and posts an annual list of such changes. b. PJM Manuals are available in PDF format below.

    Diagram 1: Summary of Process for Adding, Deleting and Revising PJM Manuals